What type of information do I need to give my employees about drugs and drug testing?
Employers must display and distribute the following information to their employees:
- company policy regarding the use of prohibited drugs and/or alcohol.
- consequences or disciplinary action that may be imposed for violating the drug policy.
- informational material on the physical and mental effects of drugs.
- an existing community services hotline number, available drug counseling, rehabilitation, and assistance program.
How does a vehicle owner or custodian know who authorized the tow?
If the tow is done by a written agreement, the tow truck service must disclose the name of the business or person who authorized the tow.
Who decides when a vehicle should be towed?
Removal of trespassing vehicles from private property may be done by verbal request or by written agreement between the private property owner and a tow truck service.
If the vehicle is towed by verbal request of the property owner, the call to the tow truck service must be made by someone who is physically on the premises.
If a written agreement exists, the property owner may designate a tow truck service to monitor the lot and remove any vehicle which meets the definition of trespassing as defined in the written agreement.
I have a Ford Ka and want to tow my small trailer but nobody lists a towbar. Can I have one specially manufactured?
No. When EC Type Approving the vehicle, the manufacturer did not declare that it was suitable for towing. It therefore has no specified towing capacity and no specified mounting points. Towing with, or even the fitment of a towbar to any such vehicle registered on or after the 1st August 1998 would make you liable to prosecution.
Can I fit a Type Approved towbar myself or do I have to go to an authorised dealer?
Yes. You can fit the towbar yourself provided that it is installed in accordance with the instructions provided, but you may prefer a specialist to carry out the installation to include the often awkward towing electrics.
Where are the electrics wired to?
In most cars, the electrics are wired directly to the vehicle’s rear lights.
How can I tell if a towbar is EC Type Approved?
It will have a label, data plate or staming showing an “E” No e.g. E11*0001*00. This figure denotes that it is EC Approved in the UK (E11), has an approval number (0001), of EC Document revision 0.
I am towing a small trailer for my jet ski, what type of electrics will I need?
You will require single electrics in order to power the normal tail / side lights, indicator, brake and fog lights.
When would you require double electrics?
Double electrics are needed when towing a caravan to supply power to the fridge and battery as well as taking a 12v feed into the caravan for interior lights etc. A split charge relay can also be added to double electrics to prevent your car battery being drained by your caravan.
My local motor dealer says that my warranty will be invalidated unless I fit the manufacturer’s towbar.
94/20/EC was designed to create free trade. If you fit a Type Approved towbar it will not invalidate the vehicle warranty. Under EC Block Exemption rules, a motor vehicle manufacturer cannot prevent a franchised outlet from supplying or fitting components deemed to be of equal quality to that supplied by the vehicle manufacturer – such as a Type Approved towbar.